This list of top programming languages is based on the data sourced from the TIOBE Programming Community Index — a popular indicator of the popularity of programming languages.
TIOBE calculates the ratings by analyzing data from Google, Yahoo!, Bing, Wikipedia, Amazon, Baidu, and YouTube. Variables like the number of professional developers worldwide, training courses, and third-party vendors have also factored in this list.
Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages In 2020:
The following list contains the top 20 programming languages and their performance in comparison to last year’s ratings. After that, the top 10 languages have been individually described in brief:
Another list says about the following categories:
Interpreted Programming Languages
Functional Programming Languages
Compiled Programming Languages
Procedural Programming Languages
Scripting Programming Languages
Markup Programming Languages
Logic-Based Programming Languages
Concurrent Programming Languages
Object-Oriented Programming Languages
If you read the Computer Science org, There are dozens of programming languages used in the industry today. We’ve compiled overviews of the 12 most important, relevant and in-demand of these languages below.
Foremost, I would like to say how I get to about the ‘most respected and inspired personality Linus Torvalds’. More often I watch more about the IT related videos such as coding and documentary and IT innovators those who created massive impact across the globe. When I started watching the “The Code: Story of Linux Documentary (Multilingual)”. I personally feel I need to watch one more time far more deeper understanding.
It took me more time to think, share and write about this article. Today, I got a good track. Thank you almighty.
Why am I sharing and writing about this article?
One of the trait I see is the leadership skill. I notice and learn very well. Without leadership, a single human cannot do his/her own way. I personally argue, you should learn to take the leadership as a duty and responsibility to lead people in a better way. Also you must ready to step down as a leader for the upcoming generations too. If you are being a leader at a given point of time. Do well and collaborate. Show your interest towards your teammates. This is the far most important quality I started realizing. Leadership is not arrogantly holding momentum. This is what makes me to search leadership quality about the Linus Torvalds.
I sincerely encourage you all to watch the documentary and click the source link down below to read the full article.
About the writer:
Josh Fruhlinger is a writer and editor who lives in Los Angeles.
You don’t have to take a page out of his book to learn some valuable lessons from how Torvalds has managed the sprawling, self-selected, volunteer community of Linux developers—both the successes, and what led to his self-imposed exile.
Do: Be “trustworthy”.
Don’t: Forget that everyone is watching you.
Do: Fight passionately for things you think are important.
Don’t: Go nuclear on the small stuff.
Do: Recognize that emotions are part of the job.
Do: Be consistent.
Do: Recognize that you’re setting the tone.
Don’t: Assume everyone will get to act like you do.
How far these devastating impact will cost every individual/community/and overall GDP too?
What immediate economic policies/remedies/reforms/actions required to bounce back/ to normalize the condition of the economy?
Here is why I started thinking with little curious and a bit analytical mind-set. Might I’m don’t have much have clarity. But I do have the deliberate thought process about the impacts and the consequences.
Here the article taken from University of Oregon. The economic impacts of large wildfires. Just one more link, I would like to paste in the down below about “Study shows wildfires positive and negative economic impacts” from the same source of University of Oregon. I sincerely encourage you all to visit further.
This project examined the local economic impacts of large wildland fires in the western U.S.
Generally, local employment and wages in a county increase during large wildfires; labor market disruptions from large wildfires are outweighed by the employment that the suppression effort creates in the short term.
Large wildfires lead to instability in local labor markets by amplifying seasonal variation in employment over the subsequent year.
Local capture of suppression spending is important because it helps mediate labor market impacts. For every $1 million spent in the county, local employment increased 1 percent during the quarter of the fire.
On average, the Forest Service spent 9 percent of wildfire suppression funding in the county where the fires occurred. Amounts of local spending varied from zero to 39 percent.
Contracts for suppression and support services are a central avenue for local capture. However, local business capacity appears to limit the ability of rural and resource-dependent counties to capture suppression contracts.
Counties with more federal vendors prior to a fire tend to capture more contract spending locally during a fire.
Capture of fire suppression contracts is concentrated in a few areas in the west.
The word fact is sounds far more than anything. But every individual views also impacting. The point is, along with the personal views and informative news about the wildfires. The reason I keep on writing about the wildfires is not to create propaganda or making this content trendy. So we, the 7.8 billion people has to know one of the catastrophic impacts in and around the globe. It would be better, if we, every one of us can start finding/creating a good and pragmatic solution.
Along with sharing informative and impactful contents, I personally gonna look forward with this issue and finally I gonna convey my personal few words.
Here we all need to know the 11 facts about the wildfires.
There are enormous facts available. But this one, dosomething.org is an incredible too.
I’m gonna paste the source link down below. I sincerely encourage you all to visit further.
A wildfire (AKA forest or peat fire) is an uncontrolled fire. Wildfires often occur in (duh) wild, unpopulated areas, but they can occur anywhere and harm homes, agriculture, humans, and animals in their path.
Firefighters also refer to these disasters as surface fires, dependent crown fires, spot fires, and ground fires. Want to make local firefighters happy — and even better at their jobs? Bake cookies to say thanks! Sign up for Cookies for Heroes.
90% of all wildfires are started by humans.
“Crown fires” are spread by wind moving quickly across the tops of trees. “Running crown fires” are even more dangerous because they burn extremely hot, travel rapidly, and can change direction quickly.
One of the largest fires in recent history was in 1825 when a fire tore through Maine and New Brunswick, Canada, burning 3 million acres of forest.
Weather conditions can directly contribute to the occurrence of wildfires through lightning strikes or indirectly by an extended dry spell or drought.
Wildfires can be caused by an accumulation of dead matter (leaves, twigs, and trees) that can create enough heat in some instances to spontaneously combust and ignite the surrounding area.
Lightning strikes the earth over 100,000 times a day. 10 to 20% of these lightning strikes can cause fire.
Manmade combustions from arson, human carelessness, or lack of fire safety cause wildfire disasters every year.
An average of 1.2 million acres of US woodland burn every year.
A large wildfire — or conflagration — is capable of modifying the local weather conditions (AKA producing its own weather).
This is one of the content, I was looking for. Because if you started knowing things “How”. How things works. Your curiosity goes higher and higher.
To me personally, the most powerful questions are; how and why.
So, this article such an informative one, we all need to know and aware of it. I sincerely encourage you all to visit further with the link down below.
In just seconds, a spark or even the sun’s heat alone sets off an inferno. The wildfire quickly spreads, consuming the thick, dried-out vegetation and almost everything else in its path. What was once a forest becomes a virtual powder keg of untapped fuel. In a seemingly instantaneous burst, the wildfire overtakes thousands of acres of surrounding land, threatening the homes and lives of many in the vicinity.
An average of 5 million acres burns every year in the United States, causing millions of dollars in damage. Once a fire begins, it can spread at a rate of up to 14.29 miles per hour (23 kph), consuming everything in its path. As a fire spreads over brush and trees, it may take on a life of its own — finding ways to keep itself alive, even spawning smaller fires by throwing embers miles away. In this article, we will look at wildfires, exploring how they are born, live and die.
On a hot summer day, when drought conditions peak, something as small as a spark from a train car’s wheel striking the track can ignite a raging wildfire. Sometimes, fires occur naturally, ignited by heat from the sun or a lightning strike. However, the majority of wildfires are the result of human carelessness.
Everything has a temperature at which it will burst into flames. This temperature is called a material’s flash point. Wood’s flash point is 572 degrees Fahrenheit (300 C). When wood is heated to this temperature, it releases hydrocarbon gases that mix with oxygen in the air, combust and create fire.
There are three components needed for ignition and combustion to occur. A fire requires fuel to burn, air to supply oxygen, and a heat source to bring the fuel up to ignition temperature. Heat, oxygen and fuel form the fire triangle. Firefighters often talk about the fire triangle when they are trying to put out a blaze. The idea is that if they can take away any one of the pillars of the triangle, they can control and ultimately extinguish the fire.
After combustion occurs and a fire begins to burn, there are several factors that determine how the fire spreads. These three factors include fuel, weather and topography. Depending on these factors, a fire can quickly fizzle or turn into a raging blaze that scorches thousands of acres.
Finger pointing, blame and scapegoating is not the answer. Looking forward and understanding the risks is the right way.
ABOUT THE FACULTY:
Dr Graham Dwyer
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Melbourne and the Bushfire Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre. Graham Dwyer’s doctoral research is understanding and learning how organisations make sense and learn from bushfires in Victoria since 1939. He is also affiliated to the Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre, Australia.
In October, a large bushfire created headlines in Australia proclaiming that fire seasons are starting earlier and earlier.
The experts have been telling us this for a decade. Professor Tim Flannery has said: “Worryingly, since 2009 we have experienced more days of catastrophic fire danger, and this number will very likely increase in the future.”
What are we doing to prepare for this scenario?
In the last 10 years, one of the ways emergency services, governments and the public learn from bushfires has been through public inquiries such as Royal Commissions.
Emergency services also seek to learn continuously through independently commissioned reviews and operational debriefs. However, governments will likely establish a Royal Commission after a major bushfire.
Unfortunately, the last bushfire Royal Commission — after the 2009 Black Saturday fires — resulted in finger pointing, blame, vilification and scapegoating. We have already seen these characteristics at the start of this year’s fire season, which only keeps us looking backwards when we need to look forward.
We now know enough about bushfire behaviour and how our community and emergency services react that the money, time, energy and political attention devoted to Royal Commissions would be better spent planning for the future.
This is a key finding from my three years of doctoral research, including interviews with 63 Victorian emergency services experts, and an analysis of public inquiry reports, recommendations and comments from politicians and experts since 1939 — Victoria’s first bushfire Royal Commission.
If we did look forward, we would accept what we already know — that Victoria is arguably the world’s most bushfire-prone area. We would accept that fire has been part of our landscape for as long as records have been kept. We would also accept the many studies which predict climate change mean more frequent, complex and devastating bushfires.
History has shown that significant and damaging fire events occur regularly in Victoria. Inevitably, we will see another Black Friday, Ash Wednesday and Black Saturday. These fire events can no longer be considered as once-in-a-generation events.
an ingrained belief
Today’s climate conditions increase the likelihood we will experience more major fire events, more regularly.
Yet there seems to be an ingrained belief that somehow we can prevent all bushfires or predict when and where they will happen. The way politicians and the public continue to react after a bushfire shows this false sense of security. Our historical sense of entitlement to own and develop land in fire-prone areas, and all of our technology today, has made that view more prevalent even in the face of ever-increasing bushfire risk.
As the recent Lancefield fire in Victoria reminded us, managing bushfire risk is a risky business. While the media reported the community’s inflammatory anger, saying that “Heads should roll for this”, we need to remember that Royal Commissions have repeatedly found that planned burning has an important role in reducing bushfire risk.
Communities need to understand that planned burns can escape — particularly when fuel loads are high and weather conditions change. Unfair, insensitive and irresponsible comments by the community and commentators aimed at firefighters prevent us from understanding fire risk.
Such comments are also disrespectful towards those who are seeking to protect communities.
Risk of complacency
If we instead paid attention to what we have already learned, and woke up to the ecological reality of where we are living, we could do so much better. We could make Victoria a much safer place during the bushfire season.
Seventy-six years of learning has led to innovations. We have seen improvements in community bushfire education programs, advances in modelling fire behaviour, more sophisticated approaches to delivering bushfire warnings, an increased emphasis on planned burning to prepare for fire seasons and greater integration across emergency management agencies.
But each fire is unique and we run the risk of becoming complacent if we think previous public inquiries have delivered us to a position of safety.
Unfortunately, bushfire-prone communities continue to ignore the findings of bushfire royal commissions. A research project led by Professor Jim McLennan, from the Bushfire Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre, suggests people need to plan better for bushfire in their community.
Worringly, people are choosing to take a “wait and see” approach to what happens on high fire danger days. Professor McLennan has warned of the dangers of such an approach: “That it is opting for the possibility you will either have to fight for your life or you will be fleeing at the last minute.’’
A system that is more dynamic and realistic
If we had a more sophisticated way of learning and the resources to go with this, we could have a system that is more dynamic and realistic. To do that, we need to make a cognitive shift and move from the expectation that emergency services are completely responsible for preparing for fires. Instead, we need to move to a position where the community is an active participant in making decisions about their safety and property.
This includes community involvement in planning to prevent fires. It also means people living in high-risk areas need to work with emergency services on a year-round basis, rather than viewing bushfires as a summer phenomenon.
They need to work with their own communities to get to know and acknowledge the unique risks associated with their area, as every area is so different.
Based on existing knowledge, as Associate Professor Michael Buxton noted in Planning News: “Large numbers of existing dwellings in peri-urban areas around Melbourne (areas which are between the city and countryside) are potential death traps and probably could not be saved when confronted by a bushfire such as that of Black Saturday. Relatively small population increases in small towns, and widespread small lot rural dwelling construction, must inevitably place more people in harm’s way. We know the dangers.”
We run the risk of condemning some of these communities in growth area suburbs to a major and devastating fire unless we reflect on the specific risks they face. So much of Victoria’s land area continues to be developed and inhabited even when the bushfire risk is known to be high.
As Professor Flannery has noted: “Fire frequency and intensity … is predicted to increase in already fire-prone areas – areas in which a large proportion of the Australian community lives.”
By enabling these areas to be developed is knowingly putting communities in harm’s way of bushfire.
The biggest lesson from looking at 76 years of learning is that the complexities that surround modern-day bushfires are often difficult to explain and so we need to reinterpret accountability and reflect on bushfire risk as everyone’s responsibility.
We can’t keep building out into high bushfire risk areas.
We can’t expect new growth area suburbs not to be impacted by future fire events. We can’t remain in denial about the Victorian landscape. We can’t expect emergency services to be solely responsible for risks that they haven’t created. There is a bigger responsibility that needs to be shared — before the event — between communities, local and state governments and emergency services.
The best form of protection is knowledge and acceptance of facts — even when those facts are challenging to how we usually think about land use, ownership and development.
The other key is the behaviour of those who are living and working in high-risk areas. We know this is the case, from decades of learning from fires, now we need to act on this by making the community more accountable.
People in these areas should have a fire plan ready long before the bushfire season. They should know what they’re going to do on a day of high fire danger. They should make decisions which minimise their risk.
The community can do so much to protect themselves and each other. There has been much sensitivity about talking about communities and their role in the future. But more attention has been focused instead on emergency services and the past. The most dangerous thing is to not have the debate about who is accountable and responsible because, ultimately, we all are.
Banner Image: Grassland in the path of a bushfire. Picture: Shutterstock
1st Law of PhD Failure – Choosing the wrong dissertation advise.
2nd Law of PhD Failure – Expecting Dissertation Hand-holding from your Peers.
3rd Law of PhD Failure – Choosing too Broad a Dissertation Topic.
4th Law of PhD Failure – Procrastination.
5th Law of PhD Failure – Ignoring your Dissertation Committee.
6th Law of PhD Failure – Getting Romantically Involved with Faculty Members.
Regardless of the situation, you should simply keep in mind to be careful and keep your guard up. Finally, understand that if things go wrong in the relationship, it could become a serious impediment to success. Moreover, even with successful relationships, your academic success may be hindered by reports of gossip and peers linking any progress of your work to the relationship itself rather than to your own hard work. Don’t say I didn’t warn you!
To read the full article, please click the source link down below.
To keep your family safe and healthy during a pandemic, you need to keep airborne contagions out of your home. Preventing the invading disease from infecting your loved ones is critical, which makes stocking up on these top 5 pandemic survival supplies a vital part of your preparedness plan.
1. Disposable Gloves.
2. Eye Protection.
3. Respirator Mask.
4. Disinfectants and Antiseptics.
5. Medical Supplies.
To read the full post, please click the source link.
To go a step further on 5G, cyber security issues. With the upcoming times on 5G, there are concerns and safety measures that we must learn to think deeper. The security issues rises enormously. I often say this is the right time to worry and find a solutions to the set of upcoming and current problems that we are facing and yet to face.
What I would say about 5G till now?
I’m still looking forward to read a lot about 5G’s impacts and the consequences.
All you and me need to know is to learn wider and wider. Keep researching and keep sharing.
This article says some of the concerns and future of the 5G and Cyber security. To read the full article please visit the source link down below.
5G Cyber security Concerns
5G cyber security needs some significant improvements to avoid growing risks of hacking. Some of the security worries are a result of the network itself, while others involve the devices connecting to 5G. But both aspects put consumers, governments, and business at risk.
When it comes to 5g and cyber security, here are a few of the main concerns:
Decentralized security. Pre-5G networks had fewer hardware traffic points-of-contact, which made it easier to do security checks and upkeep. 5G’s dynamic software-based systems have far more traffic routing points. To be completely secure, all of these need to be monitored. Since this might prove difficult, any unsecured areas might compromise other parts of network.
More bandwidth will strain current security monitoring. While current networks are limited in speed and capacity, this has actually helped providers monitor security in real-time. So, the benefits of an expanded 5G network might actually hurt cyber security. The added speed and volume will challenge security teams to create new methods for stopping threats.
Many IoT devices are manufactured with a lack of security. Not all manufacturers are prioritizing cyber security, as seen with many low-end smart devices. 5G means more utility and potential for IoT. As more devices are encouraged to connect, billions of devices with varied security means billions of possible breach points. Smart TVs, door locks, refrigerators, speakers, and even minor devices like a thermometer for a fish tank can be a network weakness. A lack of security standards for IoT devices means network breaches and hacking might run rampant.
Lack of encryption early in connection process reveals device info that can be used for device specific IoT targeted attacks. This information helps hackers know exactly what devices are connected to the network. Details such as operating system and device type (smartphone, vehicle modem, etc.) can help hackers plan their attacks with more precision.
Cyber security vulnerabilities can take form in a wide variety of attacks. Some of the known cyber-threats include:
Botnet attacks control a network of connected devices to puppeteer a massive cyber-attack.
Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) overload a network or website to take it offline.
Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) attacks quietly intercept and change communications between two parties.
Location tracking and call interception can be done if someone knows even a small amount about broadcast paging protocols.
The Future of 5G and Cyber security
To stave off widespread weaknesses in national mobile networks, technology developers will have to be extra attentive to 5G security.
5G security foundations are needed in networks first. Network providers will begin focusing on software protections to cover the unique risks of 5G. They will need to collaborate with cyber security firms to develop solutions for encryption, network monitoring, and more.
Manufacturers need incentive to up their security efforts. 5G security is only as strong as its weakest links. But the costs of developing and implementing secure tech do not motivate all manufacturers to focus on cyber security. This is especially true in low-end products like kids’ smartwatches and cheap smart baby monitors. If manufacturers receive benefits that offset their bottom-line losses, they may be more likely to boost their consumer protections.
Consumer education on IoT cyber security is necessary. The wide variation in security quality means product labeling standards will be needed. Because users have no way to easily know how safe IoT devices are, smart tech manufacturers might start to be held accountable with a label system. The FCC grades other forms of radio transmission, so the growing market of IoT devices may soon be included as well. In addition, users need to be taught the importance of securing all internet devices with software updates.
Efforts to improve security are happening alongside the initial rollout of 5G. But because we need real-world results to refine the protections, work will continue long after 5G is deployed.
For more information on the future of 5g, check out some of our Kaspersky blogs.
How You Should Prepare for 5G
5G is a bit further away than the buzz may have you believe, but you’ll still need to be prepared. Even though rollout will take a long time to be truly significant, some areas have seen upgrades start to pop up. Be sure to take security and privacy into your own hands as much as possible:
Install an antivirus solution on all your devices. Products like Kaspersky Total Security will help prevent your devices from becoming infected.
Use a VPN to stop strangers from accessing your data without permission and spying on your online activity.
Practice strong password security. Always use passwords when available and make them incredibly strong. Long strings of random, variety characters are among the best passwords possible. Include uppercase, lowercase, symbols, and numbers.
Update the default backend passwords on all your IoT devices. Follow your device’s instructions on updating the “admin/password” style credentials of your gadgets. To find this information, consult with your manufacturer’s tech manuals or contact them directly.
Keep all your IoT devices updated with security patches. This includes your mobile phone, computers, all smart home device, and even your car’s infotainment system. Remember, any device that connects to internet, Bluetooth, or other data radio should have all the latest updates (apps, firmware, OS, etc.)
Protect all your devices today, start using Kaspersky Total Security – the ultimate anti-virus and malware protection software for you and your family.