The Nobel Prize is known as the highest award in science. However, how much do we know about these awards? Discover how the Nobel Prize has defined the society’s greatest minds throughout time with these Nobel Prize facts.
Some of the quick, essential and interesting facts are;
- 950 people have been inducted as Nobel Prize laureates as of 2019.
- Nobel Prizes are awarded annually on December 10th.
- A Nobel Prize comes with a cash award of 9 million Swedish krona..
- The United States has the most number of laureates, at 383 people.
- Up to 3 people can share a Nobel Prize award between them.
· The Nobel Foundation founded the Nobel Prize in 1900.
· Wilhelm Röntgen, the discoverer of x-rays, received the first Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901.
· Jacobus van ‘t Hoff received the first Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1901 for his work on chemical thermodynamics.
· French poet Sully Prudhomme received the first Nobel Prize for Literature in 1901.
· For his development of a diphtheria antitoxin, Emil von Behring received the first Nobel Prize for medicine in 1901.
· Jean Henri Dunant and Frédéric Passy shared the first Nobel Prize for Peace between them in 1901.
· In 1938 and 1939, Adolf Hitler barred 3 German laureates from receiving their prizes.
· The Nobel Foundation did not award any Nobel Prizes during WWII.
· Jan Tinbergen and Ragnar Fritsch shared the first Nobel Prize for Economics in 1968.
· Jean-Paul Sartre became the first person to refuse a Nobel Prize in 1964.
The Nobel Prize is never given posthumously.
· All awardings except for Nobel Peace take place in Stockholm, Sweden.
· The awarding of the peace prize takes place in Oslo, Norway.
· Up to 3000 people per year become nominees for the Nobel Prize.
· The Nobel Peace Prize is the only one that can be awarded to institutions.
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